I. Key points of the overall requirements
1. Put vocational education in a more prominent position in education reform and innovation and economic and social development;
2. Improve the vocational education and training system;
3. Encourage and support all sectors of society to actively support vocational education.
Key points of the overall goal
After 5-10 years, the vocational education is basically completed:
1. School-running pattern: mainly organized by the government → the government's overall management and socially diversified education;
2. School pursuit: scale expansion → improve quality;
3. School-running mode: run schools with reference to general education → enterprise social participation and distinctive professional characteristics.
Third, the main points of specific indicators
1. By 2022, the teaching conditions of vocational colleges will basically meet the standards;
2. By 2022, build 50 high-level higher vocational schools and 150 key majors (groups);
Shengtuo Inspection takes civil engineering inspection as the starting point, and can provide a full set of civil engineering inspection technology specialty construction programs, including personnel training, syllabus, teaching aids, teaching courseware, etc.
3. Establish a Chinese vocational education standard system covering most industries and fields with international advanced level;
4. Build 300 high-level specialized production-education integration training bases with radiation-leading role;
Shengtuo Testing provides training on the characteristics of civil engineering. It can provide information-based production-education integration training bases covering civil engineering construction, testing, and Internet of Things monitoring. For details, see Shengtuo's official website: www.scentralit.com
5. In principle, the practical teaching hours of vocational colleges account for more than half of the total class hours, and the post-training internship time is generally 6 months;
For the practical teaching, Shengtuo Testing provides technical personnel with more than 3 years of field testing and monitoring experience. It assists school teachers to carry out practical teaching work by semester or week, and provides corresponding engineering testing and monitoring practice teaching courseware and experiments. Instructions, etc.
6. "Dual teacher" teachers account for more than half of the total number of teachers in professional courses.
Fourth, the main points of specific measures
1. Improve the national vocational education system
① Improve the national vocational education system framework;
Deepen the integration of production and education, promote collaborative education, and explore the connection between academic credentials and vocational skill level certificates
② Improve the development level of secondary vocational education;
③ Promote high-quality development of higher vocational education;
Cultivate high-quality technical and technical talents who serve regional development, and focus on technology research and development and product upgrades for small, medium and micro enterprises; according to the regulations for the establishment of institutions of higher education, include qualified technician colleges into the sequence of higher education institutions
④ Improve the training system for high-level applied talents.
Promote the transformation of qualified undergraduate colleges into application-oriented colleges, encourage ordinary undergraduates to open majors and courses in applied technology, and carry out undergraduate vocational education pilots;
Shengtuo Testing can provide a complete set of professional and course construction solutions for engineering testing and monitoring, including talent training programs, training facilities construction, teaching supporting programs, etc., and can provide technical support for engineering testing and monitoring vocational education in undergraduate colleges.
Formulate test-free enrollment policies for winners of China Skills Competition, National Vocational College Skills Competition, and World Skills Competition
Shengtuo Testing sponsors the National Non-Destructive Testing Skills Competition for Vocational Colleges every year, and provides a competitive platform for civil engineering students.
2. Establishing national standards for vocational education
① Improve education and teaching standards;
②Initiated the pilot work of the system of "degree certificate + several vocational skill level certificates";
Encourage vocational college students to obtain vocational skill level certificates while obtaining academic credentials; in-school training can be targeted at the social population, out-of-school training can also be targeted at students, and all types of vocational skill level certificates have the same effect , Enjoy the same treatment; grades are divided into junior, intermediate and advanced.
Shengtuo Testing can provide technical personnel with more than 5 years of on-site testing and monitoring experience, assist schools in carrying out testing and monitoring of occupational skill levels, and assist schools in training social staff and students at school.
③ Carry out high-quality vocational training;
Vocational colleges provide vocational training for students and all members of society; in 2019, we will promote vocational colleges to vigorously carry out vocational training in about 10 areas where technical skills are in short supply.
Shengtuo Testing can provide technical, equipment and personnel support for colleges to carry out vocational training in the field of non-destructive testing and IoT monitoring.
④ Realize the identification, accumulation and transformation of learning results.
3. Promote the "dual-element" education of school-enterprise integration
① Adhere to the unity of knowledge and action and the combination of work and study;
At the national level, the professional directory of vocational colleges is revised once every five years. Schools can flexibly and independently set up majors based on the directory and adjust it once a year. Select a large number of online vocational education courses, build and develop information-based teaching resources, and textbooks are revised every 3 years
Shengtuo Testing relies on the Ministry of Education's industry-academia collaboration education program. It selects more than 20 projects each year to support colleges and universities in the construction of information-based teaching resources. A total of more than 5 million yuan has been invested in equipment, personnel and direct funds to promote colleges Carry out the construction of online quality courses for engineering inspection and IoT monitoring.
② Promote comprehensive and in-depth cooperation between schools and enterprises;
Establish a production-education-integrated enterprise certification system, and give the combined production-education-integrated enterprises a "financial + fiscal + land + credit" combined incentive, and implement relevant tax policies in accordance with regulations
③ build a number of high-level training bases;
④ Take multiple measures to build a "double-teacher" teacher team.
Teachers in vocational colleges are basically not recruited among fresh graduates. In principle, they are openly recruited from those who have more than 3 years of corporate work experience and a vocational degree or higher;
Established 100 "dual-teacher" teacher training and training bases. Teachers from vocational colleges and applied undergraduate colleges train at least one month each year in enterprises or training bases, and implement a five-year cycle for all teachers.
Shengtuo test can assist colleges to build a "dual teacher" teacher training and training base, and report to the relevant central departments, while providing more than 5 years of on-site work experience, middle-level professional lecturers, professional title college training teachers.
4. Construct a diversified school structure
① Promote enterprises and social forces to organize high-quality vocational education;
Enterprise management and technical staff and school leaders and key teachers are part-time and part-time paid. Initially, 300 demonstration vocational education groups will be established in 2020 to drive the participation of SMEs.
② Be an excellent vocational education training evaluation organization.
5. Improving the technical and security personnel security policy
①Improve the treatment level of technical and skilled personnel;
Increase commendation and reward for graduates with outstanding achievements in vocational colleges participating in relevant skill contests
② Improve the funding mechanism.
6. Strengthen the supervision and evaluation of vocational education school management
① Establish and improve the vocational education quality evaluation and supervision evaluation system;
② Support the establishment of the National Vocational Education Guidance Advisory Committee.
7. Do a good job in implementing reforms
① Strengthen the party's overall leadership of vocational education;
② Improve the inter-ministerial joint meeting system of the State Council's vocational education work.